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Branch Mints - Melbourne Australia

Since 1871, British sovereigns were struck at branch mints, in addition to the Royal Mint in London.
The first branch mint to strike sovereigns was Sydney in Australia. It made good sense to produce British sovereigns close to the gold mining source areas, rather than ship the gold to London to be made into coin, then possibly ship it back again.
In 1872, the Melbourne mint followed.
The Perth, Australia mint started production of sovereigns in 1899, and the Ottawa mint in Canada started in 1908.
The Bombay mint in India struck sovereigns in just one year, 1918, and the Pretoria mint in South Africa started production in 1923.

Mintmarks
The mintmarks used by the various mints are as follows:-
MintMintmark
LondonNone
SydneyS
MelbourneM
PerthP
OttawaC
BombayI
PretoriaSA

The mintmarks are to be found on the ground above the centre of the date, at least for the Jubilee, Old Head, Edward VII and George V sovereigns. Many collectors find the mintmarks very difficult to find at their first attempt, but it really is quite easy once you know where to look. It helps of course to use a magnifying glass!
Our photographs show a number of Melbourne Mint sovereigns, all showing the M mintmark clearly.

Melbourne Mint, Australia
The Melbourne Mint in Australia struck gold sovereigns between 1872 and 1931.
Some of these are common, some scarce, some rare, and others very rare.
The Melbourne mint was set up to coin the gold, which had only recently been discovered in Victoria, into gold sovereigns. It opened for business in 1872.

Dates Produced
Melbourne Mint sovereigns were produced in the following years:-
DateMintage
Shield
1872748,180*
18741,373,298*
18803,053,454*
18812,324,800*
18822,465,781
1883427,450
18842,942,630*
18852,967,143*
18862,902,131*
18871,916,424*
Young Head St George
1872 
1873752,199
1874 
18751,888,405
18762,124,445
18771,487,316
18782,171,457
18792,740,594
1880 
1881 
18822,093,850
18831,623,000
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
Jubilee
1887940,000
18882,830,612
18892,732,590
18902,473,537
18912,749,592
18923,488,750
18931,649,352
Old Head
18931,346,000
18944,166,874
18954,165,869
18964,456,932
18975,130,565
18985,509,138
18995,579,157
19004,305,904
19013,987,704
Edward VII
19024,267,157
19033,521,780
19043,743,897
19053,633,838
19063,657,853
19073,332,691
19083,080,148
19093,029,538
19103,054,547
George V
19112,851,451
19122,469,257
19132,323,180
19142,012,029
19151,637,839
19161,272,634
1917934,469
19184,809,493
1919514,257
1920530,266
1921240,121
1922608,306
1923511,129
1924278,140
19253,311,662
1926211,107
1927310,156
1928413,208
1929436.938
193077,588
193157,809
Total148,211,120

Notes
* = Includes St. George Type


Rarity
The rarity of each date is not quite in proportion to the mintage figures. Many are thought to have been melted down, some dates being affected more than others. The 1925 is much scarcer than its mintage figure would indicate, making it also a fairly scarce date of sovereign.

For Sale
Rather than duplicate our listing of sovereigns for sale, we include the Melbourne Mint sovereigns which we have for sale on their appropriate pages, being :-

More About Branch Mints


Obverse of 1879 Melbourne Mint Sovereign
Obverse of 1879 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Obverse of 1884 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Obverse of 1884 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Order Form

Order Form - USA

Reverse of 1891 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Reverse of 1891 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Reverse of 1899 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Reverse of 1899 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Reverse of 1906 Melbourne Mint Sovereign

Reverse of 1906 Melbourne Mint Sovereign


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